Yale Image Finder

Search the actual image content of 1,538,051 (and growing!) Open Access images and figures from PubMed Central.


Advanced...


Figure 6: Stillbirth versus area deprivation.

Image Text (High Precision):

Other Images from "Social inequality and infant health in the UK: systematic review and meta-analyses":


Figure 1 Flow diagram.

Figure 10 Postneonatal mortality versus social cla...

Figure 11 Overall infant mortality versus area dep...

Figure 12 Overall infant mortality versus social c...

Figure 2 Low birth weight versus area deprivation...

Figure 3 Low birth weight versus social class.

Figure 4 Very low birth weight versus area depriv...

Figure 5 Preterm birth versus area deprivation.

Figure 6 Stillbirth versus area deprivation.

Figure 7 Neonatal mortality versus area deprivati...

Figure 8 Neonatal mortality versus social class.

Figure 9 Postneonatal mortality versus area depri...

[Full Text] [PDF]

Abstract

ObjectivesTo determine the association between area and individual measures of social disadvantage and infant health in the UK.DesignSystematic review and meta-analyses.Data sources26 databases and websites, reference lists, experts in the field and hand-searching.Study selection36 prospective and retrospective observational studies with socioeconomic data and health outcomes for infants in the UK, published from 1994 to May 2011.Data extraction and synthesis2 independent reviewers assessed the methodological quality of the studies and abstracted data. Where possible, study outcomes were reported as ORs for the highest versus the lowest deprivation quintile.ResultsIn relation to the highest versus lowest area deprivation quintiles, the odds of adverse birth outcomes were 1.81 (95% CI 1.71 to 1.92) for low birth weight, 1.67 (95% CI 1.42 to 1.96) for premature birth and 1.54 (95% CI 1.39 to 1.72) for stillbirth. For infant mortality rates, the ORs were 1.72 (95% CI 1.37 to 2.15) overall, 1.61 (95% CI 1.08 to 2.39) for neonatal and 2.31 (95% CI 2.03 to 2.64) for post-neonatal mortality. For lowest versus highest social class, the odds were 1.79 (95% CI 1.43 to 2.24) for low birth weight, 1.52 (95% CI 1.44 to 1.61) for overall infant mortality, 1.42 (95% CI 1.33 to1.51) for neonatal and 1.69 (95% CI 1.53 to 1.87) for post-neonatal mortality. There are similar patterns for other infant health outcomes with the possible exception of failure to thrive, where there is no clear association.ConclusionsThis review quantifies the influence of social disadvantage on infant outcomes in the UK. The magnitude of effect is similar across a range of area and individual deprivation measures and birth and mortality outcomes. Further research should explore the factors that are more proximal to mothers and infants, to help throw light on the most appropriate times to provide support and the form(s) that this support should take.


Search: Image Text (High Recall) Image Text (High Precision) Caption Abstract Title Full Text

All images and content copyright their respective owners. All else copyright ©2007-2008, Krauthammer Lab, Yale University.

Sign up for Yale Image Finder announcements:

Email: